Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz German physician and physicist
(August 31, 1821 – September 8, 1894) was a German physician and physicist who made significant contributions in several scientific fields. The largest German association of research institutions, the Helmholtz Association, is named after him.
In physiology and psychology, he is known for his mathematics of the eye, theories of vision, ideas on the visual perception of space, color vision research, and on the sensation of tone, perception of sound, and empiricism.
In physics, he is known for his theories on the conservation of energy, work in electrodynamics, chemical thermodynamics, and on a mechanical foundation of thermodynamics.
As a philosopher, he is known for his philosophy of science, ideas on the relation between the laws of perception and the laws of nature, the science of aesthetics, and ideas on the civilizing power of science.
TYPE:antique line engraving
Images are royalty free.
Scans are of the original antique artworks.
Scanned and saved at 300ppi with professional quality scanner. Each image file is several megabytes large. Print direct from the file or from programs such as Adobe Photoshop.
The scans are much more detailed and higher quality than those on this web site.
The original antique maps and prints are no longer within copyright, but my digital version is copyrighted and re-selling rights in the original Digital Form are not offered.
AUTHENTICITY: This is an authentic historical print, published at the date stated above. It is not from a modern copy.