Louis Philippe Albert d’orléans, Paris count
(August 24, 1838 in Paris; † September 8, 1894 in Stowe, Buckinghamshire) was the eldest son of Ferdinand Philippe d’orléans, duc de Chartres, and grandson of the last French king Ludwig Philipp.
After the death of his father 1842, Louis Philippe moved to the position of the designated successor (Prince Royal) of his grandfather, King Ludwig Philipp, for the Office of the King of the French. After the February Revolution of 1848, he was forced to go to the British exile with his family. Since the death of his grandfather, 1850, he was recognized by the followers of the House of Orléans (Orléanist) as a lawful pretender to the French throne. During the Civil War, he served together with his brother Robert D’orléans and other members of the family as an officer in the Union Army. As a member of the staff of the Potomac Army under General George B. McClellan, he distinguished himself 1862 in the Peninsula Campaign. Over the Civil War he wrote a four volume history work.
After the fall of the Second French Empire 1870, the two monarchist currents of the orléanist and Legitimists made an attempt to reconcile each other, with the restoration of the monarchy as the target. As their king, the Bourbon Comte de Chambord was to be recognized as “Henry V” by the Orléans, which in turn should recognize the constitutional “July monarchy” as a state constitution. This “merger”, however, failed due to the ultraroyalenist sentiment of the Comte de Chambord, who in his manifesto, published on July 5, 1871, refused to accept the revolutionary tricolour as well as the Royal coat of arms of the three golden lilies on Blue Shield as the outward symbols of the French state. For him, only the white Lily banner of the absolutist ancien régime was acceptable, while Louis Philippe supported the compromise. The two opposing views of the Kings on the one hand and the principle of national sovereignty established by the revolution were ultimately manifested behind this flag dispute.
In 1873, Louis Philippe made another attempt to compensate the Comte de Chambord in his exile in Frohsdorf, and realised his heir to the throne. The agreement remained only superficial, however, as the different views of both camps remained. After the Comte de Chambord 1883 died childless and the royal line of the Bourbons was extinguished, Louis Philippe, as “Philipp VII”, formulated the claim of the House of Orléans to the rightful representation of the “House of France” and thus its sole successor genuinely to the throne. Ultraroyale followers of the legitimists, however, rejected this and proclaimed with a representative of the Spanish Bourbons (House of Bourbon-Anjou) their own pretenders, which was a continuation of the split of the monarchist movement.
Meanwhile, the Third Republic and the Monarchists lost 1876 the majority in the deputies chamber to the Republicans. On 22 June 1886, the Law on the exile of the House of Orléans was adopted from France, whereupon Louis Philippe moved back to England. He was buried there after his death in the Saint-Charles Borromée Chapel of Weybridge. The House of Orléans was only allowed to return to France in 1950 after the abolition of the Exile law, whereupon his corpse in 1958 with those of other exiled Orléans could be moved to the Chapelle Royale Saint-Louis in Dreux, the traditional burial of the family.